OSHA defines blood as “human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood.”
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). OSHA requires employers to protect employees who are occupationally exposed to blood or Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM), such as unfixed human tissues and certain body fluids.
While most employers associate exposure to bloodborne pathogens with healthcare workers, there are many other occupations, including first-aid team members, housekeeping personnel in some industries, and various other workers who may be at risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. The OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard applies to all occupational exposures as defined in General Industry.
Although the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, 29 CFR 910.1030, does not apply directly to the construction industry and is not found in the construction regulations, OSHA does call upon construction sites to protect workers with respect to bloodborne pathogens.