OSHA defines blood as “human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood.”
Bloodborne Pathogens Safety
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). OSHA requires employers to protect employees who are occupationally exposed to blood or Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM), such as unfixed human tissues and certain body fluids.
While most employers associate exposure to bloodborne pathogens with healthcare workers, there are many other occupations, including first-aid team members, housekeeping personnel in some industries, and various other workers who may be at risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. The OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard applies to all occupational exposures as defined in General Industry.
Although the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, 29 CFR 910.1030, does not apply directly to the construction industry and is not found in the construction regulations, OSHA does call upon construction sites to protect workers with respect to bloodborne pathogens.
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Bloodborne Pathogens Safety
Bloodborne Pathogens Safety
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Easily create and store your written safety plans using pre-written templates for bloodborne pathogen exposure control, housekeeping, toxic and hazardous substances compliance, medical surveillance programs and more.
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Access classroom video or PowerPoint training as well as self-paced online training programs regarding bloodborne pathogens safety and awareness.
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Bloodborne pathogens and de facto coverage
OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard covers employees who the employer has designated to provide first aid. However, if a non-designated person routinely provides first aid to coworkers, OSHA may deem that person to fall under the standard as a de facto responder...
Bloodborne pathogens can cover non-designated workers
If employees have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material, they are covered by OSHA’s bloodborne pathogens standard at 1910.1030. For example, employees who are designated by the employer to provide first aid for injured coworkers would be covered. However, workers could be covered even...
Common questions on OSHA training requirements
Our compliance experts regularly get questions on OSHA training provisions, so we’re providing answers to some of the most common questions here...
Bloodborne pathogens: When to train and who can deliver
The bloodborne pathogen standard isn't just for healthcare employers; potentially every employer has covered workers. Every employer should determine which employees (if any) are covered, when they need training, and who is qualified to deliver that training...
Bloodborne pathogen coverage and vaccinations
The bloodborne pathogens standard is not meant solely for employees in health care, although many provisions seem particular to that industry, such as handling used needles and contaminated laundry. Still, any employee who has occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) falls under the...
Protecting good Samaritans
How would your company respond to a good Samaritan exposure to blood, such as an employee voluntarily providing assistance to an injured coworker? Only employees with occupational exposure require bloodborne pathogen training, but you can certainly provide key information on bloodborne pathogen issues to other workers. The training does not need to cover all...
Bloodborne pathogens: Making sense of OSHA's requirements
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms present in blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS.OSHA requires employers to protect employees...
Bloodborne Pathogens FAQs
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) as amended pursuant to the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act of 2000, prescribes safeguards to protect workers against the health hazards caused by bloodborne pathogens. Its requirements address items such as exposure control plans, universal precautions, engineering and work practice controls, personal protective equipment, housekeeping, laboratories, hepatitis B vaccination, post-exposure follow-up, hazard communication and training, and recordkeeping. The standard places requirements on employers whose workers can be reasonably anticipated to contact blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM), such as unfixed human tissues and certain body fluids.
All employees with occupational exposure must receive initial and annual training. In addition, training must be provided when changes (e.g., modified/new tasks or procedures) affect a worker’s occupational exposure. Part-time and temporary employees with occupational exposure are covered and are also to be trained on company time.
The person conducting the training is required to be knowledgeable in the subject matter covered by the elements in the training program and be familiar with how the course topics apply to the workplace that the training will address. The trainer must demonstrate expertise in the area of occupational hazards of bloodborne pathogens. The trainer must also provide trainees an opportunity for interactive questions and answers with the trainer conducting the training session.