OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard covers employees who the employer has designated to provide first aid. However, if a non-designated person routinely provides first aid to coworkers, OSHA may deem that person to fall under the standard as a de facto responder.
OSHA addressed this in Compliance Directive CPL 02-02-069, which provides enforcement guidance for inspectors. In a section discussing coverage of designated responders, the Directive states: “An employee who routinely provides first aid to fellow employees with the knowledge of the employer may also fall, de facto, under this designation even if the employer has not officially designated this employee as a first aid provider.”
This is not the same as a Good Samaritan who voluntarily assists an injured coworker. A Good Samaritan is not covered by the bloodborne standard. However, if a person “routinely” acts as a Good Samaritan by providing first aid to others (and the employer is aware of this), OSHA may expect the employer to treat that individual as a designated responder.
A de facto designation might occur for a number of reasons. Potential situations include:
As with other workers covered by the bloodborne standard, a de facto responder would require training and other protections (such as post-exposure evaluation and follow-up).
Providing first aid training does not determine coverage under the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. OSHA has clarified that employers may provide first aid training as a benefit, but if the employer does not designate those workers as responders, the bloodborne standard does not apply. Imposing the expectation (or designation) to provide first aid is what triggers coverage.
As noted, a worker might respond as a Good Samaritan, but such a worker is not covered by the bloodborne standard either.
However, if the employer becomes aware of an employee who routinely provides first aid to coworkers, that person should be treated as a designated responder, given appropriate training, and provided with other protections of the standard.
Employees who fall under the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard need initial training as well as annual refresher training. The annual training need not cover all the topics in depth, but must provide at least a quick review of previous training material. The Training area of the J. J. Keller® SAFETY MANAGEMENT SUITE can help you deliver training with online courses, classroom materials, and many other assets.