Reviewing the OSHA 300 Log and preparing the 300A
Date Posted: 01/03/2023
At the end of each year, employers must review the OSHA 300 Log for accuracy and prepare an 300A Annual Summary for posting. The following addresses some frequent questions about these obligations.
Reviewing the 300 Log
OSHA requires employer to review the 300 Log for accuracy. Employers do not need to examine every entry but should spot check a number of cases for errors. Common problems OSHA finds during inspections include:
- Column (E) requires a location. Writing “warehouse” is not good enough. Add as much description as possible. OSHA gives examples such as “north end of loading dock” or “second floor storeroom.”
- Column (F) requires describing the injury, body part, and cause. A common error is listing a body part (like “fractured right forearm”) but missing the description of how it happened. Also, specify left or right for body parts like hands, arms, or feet.
These issues don’t affect the 300A, but the review can help avoid citations for incomplete entries during a future inspection.
Creating the 300A
Creating the Annual Summary requires adding up the total cases, day counts, and injury types. That’s fairly simple, but employers also need to determine the average number of employees and total hours worked.
When calculating the average number of employees, include part-time and seasonal workers, as well as temps from a staffing agency if the company supervises them and records their injuries.
If an establishment has roughly the same number of employees throughout the year, OSHA says it can use that number as the annual average. However, if the number of employees fluctuates (the business is seasonal, or the establishment grew or shrank during the year), employers must calculate the average using a formula provided in the packet of 300 Forms.
For total hours worked, include salaried, hourly, part-time, and seasonal workers, as well as hours worked by temps. Do not include vacation, sick leave, holidays, or other non-work time, even if employees were paid for it. Employees cannot get work-related injuries during vacations and holidays, so those hours don’t get counted.
For salaried workers or drivers paid by the mile, employers might only keep records of the hours paid (including vacation and holidays). If so, the employer can estimate the hours worked.
Once the 300A is complete, a company executive must review and sign it. The regulations define who can sign it, such as the business owner, an officer of the corporation, or the highest ranking official at the location covered by the 300A. OSHA does allow electronic signatures if an off-site executive cannot physically sign a piece of paper.
Posting the summary
Employers must post the summary in each establishment by February 1 and leave it posted until at least April 30. Even though OSHA allows electronic signatures from executives, the agency does not allow electronic posting. Post the 300A on a company intranet is okay, but that is not a substitute for posting physical copies. In a larger facility, this may require more than one posting.
Federal OSHA notes that employers could choose to email the summary remote workers but doesn’t require this. State requirements may differ, however, and California does require providing the summary to remote workers.
How Safety Management Suite Can Help
Tracking work-related injuries can be challenging and creating the Annual Summary for each location can be time-consuming. The Incident Center in the J. J. Keller® SAFETY MANAGEMENT SUITE helps you track recordables and other cases, allowing you to keep records for multiple locations and quickly create a 300A for each location at the end of the year.
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